Exploration #16. The Hillock of fraternity monument symbolizes a Thracian hillock. It reminds of a stone wreath from above.
A 90m long sculpture composition inside the monument is dedicated to the Liberation of Bulgaria from Ottoman rule, the The Unification of Bulgaria, the Bulgarian partisan movement and the victory of socialism in 1944. Bones of partisans from Plovdiv region were placed inside the memorial complex, once it was finished. It was inaugurated on 9th September 1974 by the party leader Todor Zhivkov in honor of the 30th anniversary of the socialist revolution in Bulgaria. There were plans to connect the Hillock of fraternity memorial to the Soviet army monument in the town, through a spacious boulevard which would then be used to perform festive rituals. While during communism the monument was a focal point for organized visits of school gropus and tourists, after 1989 it stirred public debates about its preservation. In the 1990’s it was is covered with graffiti and partially ruined, which led town authorities to bar its entrance in order to preserve it. The eternal flame in the middle of the hall went out and was never be lighted.
Source: / Witnesses Of Stone. (Nikolai Vukov, Luca Ponchiroli. Editore: Ponchiroli)